The UK’s immigration minister, Damian Green, made this claim:
“Do immigrants displace British workers in the labour market? The MAC [Migration Advisory Committee – official advisors to the UK government on immigration] research showed that in certain circumstances there can be displacement of British-born workers by non-EEA [European Economic Area] migrants, up to a level of 23 displaced for every 100 additional working age non-EEA migrants… This analysis gives us the basis for a more intelligent debate. It supports a more selective approach to non-EU migration. The old assumption was that as immigration adds to GDP—national output—it is economically a good thing, and that therefore logically the more immigration the better, whatever the social consequences.”
The problem for Green is that the MAC research did not show what he claimed at all. Instead it showed that (I am quoting this excellent blog here) that for every 100 working-age non-EU immigrants who arrived in a particular UK region in a particular year, 23 fewer UK natives were employed in that region in that year.
Green appears to have made one of those classic post hoc ergo propter hoc mistakes of those with a poor grasp of maths or statistics – the fact that one event follows another does not mean they are actually causally linked. As the MAC professionals state:
“Our findings should therefore be considered as estimating the association between migration and the native employment rate rather than the impact of migration on the native employment rate”
Of course, the Telegraph would first have to assure themselves that the former business news editor of the Times and Channel 4 News was so innumerate that he had indeed made a mistake.
- Damian Green: migrants must add to quality of life in Britain (telegraph.co.uk)
- How Britain’s migrants sewed the fabric of the nation | Robert Winder (guardian.co.uk)
- If you want to stop South Asian immigrants bringing in their wives, then say so (blogs.telegraph.co.uk)
- Immigation does keep Britons out of jobs, government committee admits (telegraph.co.uk)